Israel is a small country in the Middle East that is constantly in the news.
The country is run by a Prime Minister and a cabinet of ministers.
The Prime Minister is the head of government and the most powerful person in Israel.
He or she is elected by the Knesset, Israel’s parliament.
Introduction: Leaders of israel
Since its establishment in 1948, Israel has been led by a series of prime ministers.
Some have been more successful than others, but all have faced a variety of challenges.
This article will provide an overview of the most important leaders of Israel and their accomplishments.
David Ben-Gurion was the first prime minister of Israel and played a pivotal role in establishing the country.
He was a strong advocate for Zionism and worked tirelessly to create a Jewish state.
Ben-Gurion also helped to build the Israeli military and served as its first commander-in-chief.
Levi Eshkol served as prime minister during the Six Day War and was responsible for mobilizing Israeli troops and leading them to victory.
He also played a key role in negotiations with Egypt that led to the return of Sinai to Israeli control.
David Ben-Gurion: First Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion was the first Prime Minister of Israel.
He played a pivotal role in the country’s founding and led it through some of its most tumultuous years.
Ben-Gurion was a powerful orator and thinker, and he helped shape Israeli society and culture.
He also had a deep understanding of international affairs, and he worked to build strong relationships with other countries. Ben-Gurion was fiercely committed to Israel’s security and independence, and he remains one of the country’s most revered leaders.
Thirteen people have served as prime minister of Israel, five of whom have served on two non-consecutive occasions. Additionally, one person, Yigal Allon, has served solely as an interim prime minister. The other two who have served as ad interim prime minister have gone on to become the prime minister.
Moshe Sharett: Second Prime Minister
Moshe Sharett was born in Ukraine in 1894 and immigrated to Palestine in 1906.
He joined the Zionist movement and became active in Jewish affairs.
He was one of the founding members of Mapai, the Israeli Labor Party, and was elected to the Knesset in 1949.
He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs and then Prime Minister from 1953-1955.
As Prime Minister, he worked to improve relations with Arab countries and promote economic development.
After his term as Prime Minister, he continued to serve in the Knesset until 1959.
Levi Eshkol: Third Prime Minister
Levi Eshkol was born in the Ukraine in 1895.
When he was 18, he immigrated to what was then British-controlled Palestine and joined a kibbutz.
There, he met David Ben-Gurion, who would become his mentor and friend. In 1948, when Israel became an independent country, Ben-Gurion became its first prime minister.
He appointed Eshkol as his finance minister.
In 1963, Ben-Gurion resigned as prime minister and handed the job over to Eshkol.
At the time, Israel was fighting a war with Egypt and Syria.
Eshkol proved to be a capable leader, and by 1967, Israel had won the Six Day War and taken control of Jerusalem, the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Golan Heights.
Golda Meir: Fourth Prime Minister
Golda Meir was born in Kiev, Ukraine in 1898 to a traditional Jewish family.
She immigrated to Palestine in 1921 and joined the Labor Zionist movement, becoming one of its most prominent leaders. In 1969, she became Israel’s fourth prime minister.
She was known for her strong personality and her dedication to Israel’s security.
Meir resigned from office in 1974 amid rising inflation and allegations of corruption within her government.
She died in 1978.
Yitzhak Rabin: Fifth Prime Minister
Born in Jerusalem in 1922, Yitzhak Rabin was the fifth Prime Minister of Israel and leader of the Labor Party.
A decorated soldier, Rabin served in the Palmach, an elite unit of the Haganah, during Israel’s War of Independence.
He was elected to the Knesset in 1959 and served as Minister of Defense from 1974 to 1977.
Rabin became Prime Minister in 1992, following an election victory by the Labor Party.
As Prime Minister, Rabin presided over dramatic changes in Israeli society and policy.
He reached a peace agreement with Jordan in 1994 and negotiated a historic peace accord with the Palestinians at Oslo in 1993. In 1995, he was assassinated by an extremist Jew who opposed the peace process.
Benjamin Netanyahu: Sixth Prime Minister
He attended MIT and Harvard University, and served in the Israeli military.
Netanyahu began his political career in the late 1970s, and has been elected to six terms as Israel’s Prime Minister.
He is known for his hawkish stance on security issues, and has been a vocal opponent of the Iranian nuclear program.